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CHILD Protection & Child Rights » VII. International Mechanisms » United Nations» Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography


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After the 1990 adoption of the Convention of the Rights of the Child there was a boom in awareness regarding commercial sexual exploitation and the sale of children. As awareness of this incident increased so did reports of violations. Hence in response the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) appointed a Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography by resolution 1990/68. The Special Rapporteur was to report on exploitation of children all around the world, and make recommendation to the General Assembly and the UNCHR on how to improve the protection of children against such exploitation. The recommendations were mainly for governments, other UN bodies and NGOs. The Special Rapporteur is elected for a term of three years.

The Special Rapporteur is required to conduct country visits and prepare reports on:

  • The root causes of sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
  • New patterns in the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
  • Identity, discuss and promote the best practises to combat these issues
  • Continue to carry through measures and processes to prevent these issues
  • Make recommendations on how to address the needs of actual and potential victims of child sexual exploitation.

The current Special Rapporteur is Ms. Najat M'jid Maalla of Morocco whose term is from 2008-2011. Ms. M'jid Maalla is a medical doctor in paediatrics, who has been working with vulnerable children for two decades. She has notably been involved in the training of social workers in her country, and in the drafting of studies on the situation of children who in difficult situations or are being abused or exploited. She participated in the expansion of the Moroccan national policy on the protection of the child. She is a member of the Commission on the Rights of the Child of the Moroccan Consultative Council on Human Rights, and the founder and an active member of the non-governmental organization BAYTI, the first programme addressing the situation of children living in the street in Morocco.

Previous Special Rapporteurs are Mr. Vitit Muntarbhorn (1991-1994), Ms. Ofelia Calcetas-Santos (1994-2001) and Mr. Juan Miguel Petit (2001-2008).

Contact:

Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
c/o Office Of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations at Geneva
8-14 ave de la Paix
1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Fax: (+41 22) 917 90 06
E-mail: urgent-action@ohchr.org (please include in the subject box: Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography)
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