CHILD Protection & Child Rights » IV. National Mechanisms » Child Targeted Schemes & Programmes » National Child Labour Project
In order to tackle the problem of child labour in India and Ministry of Labour and Employment took a three prong approach. First was to set up a legal framework for prohibition and regulation of child labour. Second was to use various development programmes to address the needs of working children. And third was to set up the National Child Labour Project (NCLP). The objective of this project is to eliminate child labour in hazardous industries by 2010. The complete elimination of labour is a gradual aim of the project.
Under this scheme, the target group is all children below 14 years of age who are working in occupations and processes listed in the Schedule to the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 or occupations and processes that are harmful to the health of the child. As per the 10th plan the following activities were taken up under the purview of NCLP:
- Ensuring enforcement of child labour laws
- Formal and Non- formal education initiatives like Special Schools (Child Labour Rehabilitation-cum-Welfare Centres). These schools should offer stipends, nutritional services, and health services to children and proper training for teachers. The purpose of the school is to prevent children from working in hazardous industries and mainstreaming them into the formal education system.
- Provision of Vocational Training
- Creating awareness of the harmful effects of child labour on the development of a child
- Income and employment generation activities for families
- Direct rehabilitation of child labour
- Raising of public awareness
- Survey and evaluation
During the 10th plan the following strategies were adopted to ensure the expansion and implementation of the NCLPs:
- Expansion of the NCLPs to additional 150 districts during the Plan.
- Ensuring that NCLPs have clearly defined targets for their areas
- Linking child labour elimination with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan to ensure child's right to education
- Strengthening the quality and quantity of formal school system in order to help tackle the problem of drop outs and lack of access to schools.
- Creating a more effective monitoring method of child labourers
- Coordinating between departments and ministries to ensure that no child is allowed to slip through the system
- Assistance of voluntary organisation in running NCLP schools.