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Millennium Development Goals

CHILD Protection & Child Rights » VII. International Mechanisms » Millennium Development Goals


The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight quantified objectives set out by the 189 world leaders at the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. The goals are set out in the Millennium Declaration and have been signed by 149 heads of state and government. The MDGs are too be achieved by 2015. The eight MDGs break down into 21 quantifiable targets that are measured by 60 indicators. Following is a list of the goals and the targets within that goal.

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
  • Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education

  • Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling

Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

  • Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five

Goal 5: Improve maternal health

  • Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
  • Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
  • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  • Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water
  • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020

Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development

  • Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
  • Address the special needs of the least developed countries
  • Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)
  • Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
  • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
  • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

With only five years to go to attain the MDGs, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on world leaders to attend a summit in New York on 20-22 September 2010 to gather speed in their efforts. Following is a review of the status of the MDGs in the world and specifically in India.

Further Reading :
  1. International Status of MDGs
  2. Progress for Children publications by UNICEF
  3. Status of MDGs in India