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CHILD Protection & Child Rights » VIII. Child Budgeting » HAQ's Budget for Children (BfC) in the Union Budget 2012-13


“For the Indian economy, this was a year of recovery interrupted. When one year ago, I rose to present the Budget, the challenges were many, but there was a sense that the world economy was on the mend. The Budget was presented in the first glimmer of hope. But reality turned out to be different. While I believe that there should be no room for complacency, nor any excuse for what happens in one’s own country, we will be misled if we ignore the ground realities of the world…..” - Finance Minister, Budget Speech 2012-13

The HAQ's "Mr Finance Minister, what have you got for me this year? Budget for Children (BfC) in the Union Budget 2012-13," analyses the budget allocations and government commitments to child rights. The Budget for Children work (BfC) in India has started since 2000 with the analysis of the Union Budgets by HAQ.

The Union Budget 2012-13 allocates 5.3 % in budget for children (BfC) with an increase of only 0.3% since 2011-12. It is important to study this year’s budget allocation in the context of requirements of the 12th Five Year Plan and the unfulfilled commitments of the 12th Five Year Plan.

The finance minister has in his speech said “In the 12th Plan, 6,000 schools have been proposed to be set up at block level as model schools to benchmark excellence. Of these, 2500 will be set up under Public Private Partnership.” The questions arises is that ‘Is this why he has reduced the allocation for building model schools from Rs1,200 crore to Rs1,079 crore, a decline of 10%?.’

Key Findings:

  • 5.3 per cent of the Union Budget is Budget for Children (BfC) with an increase of 0.3 percent since 2011-12. This must be set against the inflation rate of 6.6 per cent.
  • The increase can be attributed to the increased share in Development sector by 66.2 percent and health by 29.7 per cent. As always, the share of protection sector remains the lowest.
  • As always, the share of protection sector remains the lowest at 0.04%. Despite recognition of protection of children in the 11th Five Year Plan and reaffirmation in the Working Group Report, ministry of women and child development for the 12th Plan, there is 18% fall in allocation.
  • There is a 64.6% increase in the allocation for the Integrated Child Protection Scheme from Rs243 crore to Rs400 crore. This is indeed important, given the fact that even after the 11th Five Year Plan period is finished, states are yet to implement the programme.
  • At least 60% decline in allocation for National Child Labour Project after showing an unprecedented increase in 2011-12 of 176.3% is not understood as it seems contradictory to the proposed plan of the ministry of labour & employment as submitted in its recommendations of the Working Group on Child Labour for the 12th Plan.
  • A 29.7% increase in the allocation in the health schemes for children over 2011-12, is really welcome as the health allocations are really low. The increase in allocation can be traced to the 223% increase in the manufacture of serum and vaccine and 32% increase in strengthening of Immunisation Programme & Eradication of Polio (includes routine immunisation and pulse polio).
  • For the first time there is a scheme targeting adolescent boys (Sakhsam) to make them self reliant and gender sensitive. The Scheme will primarily focus on all out of school boys in the age group of 10-18 years.
  • 43% increase in the allocation for Rajiv Gandhi Creche Scheme from Rs76.5 crore to 2011-12 to Rs110 crore this year. However, this allocation also falls short of the MWCD’ estimates of Rs1,920 for the Plan period (Rs384 per yer) as suggested in its Working Group report. Hence there is a 71% shortfall in what is required and what has been allocated.

Links »

  • Click here to download the HAQ Budget for Children 2012-13.Budget for Children 2012-2013.
  • Click here to read previous HAQ Budget for Children reports