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Committee on the Rights of the Child

CHILD Protection & Child Rights » VII. International Mechanisms » United Nations » United Nations » Committee on the Rights of the Child


The Committee on the Rights of the Child is a body of independent experts that monitors the implementation of the convention and the two optional protocols by all state parties. It then reports its finding to the General Assembly. All states are responsible for submitting their progress reports to the committee. The first report should come two years after ratifying the convention and then a periodic report is to be submitted every five years. The Committee meets in Geneva and normally holds three sessions per year. Each session consists of a one-week pre-sessional working group and three-weeks with the entire committee. In 2010 to address the increased backlog of reports the Committee reviews reports in two parallel chambers of 9 members each on a temporary basis.

After the review of each state report, the committee issues a list of observations or concerns they wish the state to address by the next reporting period. A follow-up section in the report is to be submitted regarding the action taken by the state to resolve the various concerns of the previous report. The committee also takes into consideration alternate country reports, prepared by recognised NGOs and national human rights institutions. NGOs can also be invited to the pre-sessional working groups to dialog with the members about the concerns in their countries. The committee however does not accept individual complaints or applications.

As part of the constant effort to update themselves about various issues the committee also holds General Discussion days. Representatives of Governments, United Nations human rights mechanisms, United Nations bodies and specialized agencies, non-governmental organizations, national human rights institutions as well as individual experts and children all take part in the discussion. The last general discussion day held was in 2008 and the topic was articles 28 and 29 of the convention dealing with the children right to education in specific education children in emergency situations.

India has submitted two reports one in 1997 and the other in 2001.