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Child Budgeting by UNICEF, CBGA and MWCD

CHILD Protection & Child Rights » VIII. Child Budgeting» Child Budgeting by UNICEF, CBGA and MWCD

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The report published by UNICEF, CBGA and MWCD in 2008 shows the shift in child budget allocations from 2001-02 to 2006-07. Total budgetary provisions for children as a proportion of total expenditure by the Union Government increased from 2.11% in 2001-02 (RE) to 4.86 % in 2006-07 (BE). This overall increase indicates an increase in all sectors: child development, child education, child protection and child health. The report still feels that the allocations given to the child welfare programmes is not enough to cover the mass child population and address the various problems faced by children.

The report points out the importance of states in child budgeting. States are primarily responsible for the implementing social sector services, but are highly dependent on resources from the Central government. But the report finds that state allocations to social sector programmes are minimal and decreasing. States are unable to match central funding, and often cut back their spending as central spending increases. Due to this child welfare programmes suffer greatly. The inability to match central grants can be explained by the large amount of debt accumulated in each state as well as the rising share of allocation to non-developmental sectors.

The report states that though central funding is going up, state funding is decreasing and hence adversely affecting child programmes. Budgeting needs to take into account the rights of the child and the magnitude of the problem. Health budgeting should ensure that each child has access to health services anywhere in the country. Allocations from central to state and state to district should take into account the number of children as well as the condition of the children in that particular area. There of course needs to be a more efficient utilization of funds and counter the problem of delays. This needs to be coupled with proper checks to determine if the funds were used properly. Child budgeting needs to become a part of state planning, so that when funds are being allocated the rights of each child is upheld.

To download the full report click here: Child Budgeting

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