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Persons To Be Protected By The Juvenile Justice Act (2000)

CHILDLINE 1098 SERVICE » Strategic Policy Initiative » JJ-Act » Persons To Be Protected By The Juvenile Justice Act (2000)

Persons To Be Protected By The Juvenile Justice Act (2000)

A person who has not completed 18 years of age is a juvenile. If he or she is without any home or settled place, or resides with a person, who could be dangerous, needs protection. A person who is mentally or physically challenged or suffering from terminal diseases having no one to look after needs to be covered under this Act. An abandoned, missing or runaway child, who is being or likely to be abused, tortured or exploited for the purpose of sexual abuse or illegal acts and is a victim of an armed conflict, civil commotion or natural calamity needs to be taken care of (GOI, 2000).

Juvenile Justice Board

Each board consists of a Metropolitan Magistrate, trained in Child Psychology and two social workers, at least one of them a woman. Every such Board shall have the powers conferred by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, on a Metropolitan Magistrate or, as the case may be, a Judicial Magistrate of the first class, and the Magistrate on the Board shall be designated as the Principal Magistrate. No Magistrate shall be appointed as a member of the Board unless he has special knowledge or training in child psychology or child welfare and no social worker shall be appointed as a member of the Board unless he has been actively involved in health, education, or welfare activities pertaining to children for at least seven years. There shall be at least two members including the Principal Magistrate present at the time of final disposal of the case. When any Magistrate not empowered to exercise the powers of a Board under this Act is of the opinion that a person brought before him under any of the provisions of this Act (other than for the purpose of giving evidence), is a juvenile or a child, he shall without any delay record such opinion and forward the juvenile or the child to the right place under care of the right authority (GOI, 2000).

Observation homes

Any State Government may establish and maintain either by itself or under an agreement with voluntary organizations, observation homes in every district or for a group of districts, as may be required for the temporary reception of any juvenile in conflict with law. Various types of services are to be provided by them for rehabilitation and social integration of juveniles (GOI, 2000).

Special Juvenile Police Unit

When a juvenile in conflict with law is apprehended by police, he has to be placed under the charge of the Special Juvenile Police Unit. This police unit has to be specially sensitized and trained by inter-disciplinary trainers about needs and welfare of children (GOI, 2000).

Trial procedure

In case of a juvenile, the parent, guardian or probation officers, as the case may be, should be informed. No juvenile can be charged with or tried for any offence together with a person who is not a juvenile (GOI, 2000).