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JJ Act - Process Of Rehabilitation and Social Reintegration

CHILDLINE 1098 SERVICE » Strategic Policy Initiative » JJ-Act » Process Of Rehabilitation & Social Reintegration

Process Of Rehabilitation & Social Reintegration

The processes are adoption, foster care, sponsorship and sending the child to an after care organization (GOI, 2000).


In case of abuse, general family context is more important than any abusive event within it. Appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures should be taken to protect the child. Recent interest shown in this area illustrates the concern of professionals, parents and children. Sometimes, children being ignorant, helpless and poor are easy victims of police abuse (Lyon, 2002; Williams, 2002).

Recommendations to protect abuse by police

Age verification and medical examination should be mandatory, prior to detention, during detention, and on release, by independent medical authorities. Sick juvenile detainee should be referred to specialized medical services. Some police officers should be specially trained for this purpose. Every police station should have one "Juvenile or Child Welfare Officer", who is adequately trained and experienced (Human Rights Watch Children's Rights Project, 1986).

Implication of Practice: Child as an evidence

Court rooms can be highly stressful for children. To minimize their stress, pre-trial preparation for children is essential. Secondary victimization should be prevented (Lyon, 2002).

Child Soldier

By now, it is well accepted internationally, that the involvement of children in armed forces has to be stopped. The admission in military academies for children, without provision of quitting, should be stopped. Children captured during war should get child friendly treatment (Brett, 2002).

Children and Terrorism

Many recruits of terrorist groups are juveniles under the age of 18, who can hardly access the judicial system. The usual daily news headlines are: "Troops have killed so many terrorists today." You will never come to know how many of them were children (Brett, 2002).

Shillong Declaration

The Shillong Declaration on India's Children in Armed Conflict (Shillong Declaration, 2002) appealed to put an end to use of children as militants in terrorist and private armed conflicts, with determination to put an end to the use of child soldiers. It emphasizes physical, psychological & cultural healing of children in armed conflict.

Publicity prohibited

No report of any enquiry disclosing the name, address or any other particulars, regarding a juvenile in conflict with law under this Act should be released in any newspaper, magazine or visual media, which may lead to the identification of the juvenile (GOI, 2000).