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JJ Act - Important Landmarks In Child Rights

CHILDLINE 1098 SERVICE » Strategic Policy Initiative » JJ-Act » Important Landmarks In Child Rights

Important Landmarks In Child Rights

1924 Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
1948 The 'Universal Declaration of Human Rights' by the UN on 10th Dec 1948 . It is proclaimed therein that childhood is entitled to special care and assistance.
1959 Declaration of the Rights of the Child was adopted by the United Nations.
1974 India formulated the `National Policy for Children', wherein it is stated that "children shall be protected against neglect, cruelty and exploitation. To achieve the above aims, the State will provide necessary legislative and administrative support">
1979 UN commemorated the 'International Year of the Child'.
1986 India formulated the National Policy on Education, which recommends 'firm exclusion of corporal punishment in schools'. (However, the state governments are yet to amend State Education Acts and Rules to ban corporal punishment in schools.)

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was adopted by the UN Assembly on November 20th 1989 , (which was ratified by India in December, 1992)

The CRC recognizes adoption as of vital significance to a child who has been permanently deprived of his/her family environment

Article 3 : the best interest of the child should be a primary consideration.

Article 4 : the state should accord priority to the obligations under the Convention.

Article 33 : ensure protection against any form of sexual abuse or exploitation.

Article 37 : protection from Inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6 : creates a positive obligation of the government to ensure "to the maximum extent possible, the survival and development of the child"