CHILD RIGHTS- Bacchon Ke Liye Ek Suraksha Chakra
Ms Kavita Mohite, Mumbai City Coordinator for CIF started the workshop with an introduction about Childline and its 10th year followed by an introduction of the other CIF members present.
The participant's introduction was taken through a Pair exercise and Rotating cycle . They were asked to stand in two rows, introduce themselves to their partner and to tell them about their expectations from the workshop. The other partner did the same. After a minute they shifted to their left and the same exercise was repeated till each member was introduced to the other.
The learning from this exercise being -"If we don't work in coordination the purpose will not be served".
The responses from the participants about expectations from the workshop were: interaction with representatives from different organizations, networking, to know more about child rights etc.
Session I: Understanding Child as a person (10.30-11.15 am)
An exercise was conducted to understand 'child' as person. Participants were asked to give one word on the basis of the characteristics given to them.
-Person who cannot speak
-Person who has not gone to school
-Person who does not have any identity, not having property etc
-One who cannot take a decision
-One who works for others etc.
There were various responses and the conclusion drawn from the exercise was, when we think of a 'Person' we never consider 'Child' as a 'Person' and we have not recognised the identity of a child. We always see a child from an adult's point of view and there is a barrier between these two. There is a need to break this wall which would be by understanding the rights of a child.
To understand the importance of childhood and child as an individual, it is essential to understand their rights. We follow the ASK principle which stands for A ttitude S kill K nowledge, to do so.
What is Rights Based Approach?
The needs and rights of a child were explained to the participants in this session. The participants were told - Mr. Jack from USA wants to work with children and wishes to donate Rs.100 crores. However, he wants to know about the needs of the children in the area, first.
The exercise was to identify the needs of children. The various responses were:
-Guidance/Clinic/ Counseling centre
-Access to technology
Then the participants were told Mr. Jack wants to know only those needs which are exclusive to children and not adults. When the above list was analysed, none of the needs came out exclusive. This is because we think of child needs from an adult's perspective. If we analyse the above list carefully, from a child's perspective the needs will remain the same only the content would change.
The Rights are defined as those needs that cannot be compromised. All rights are the needs of the children but all needs are not rights.
Right holder v/s Duty Bearer
The relationship between Right holder and Duty bearer was also explained. Since a Duty bearer is not fulfilling his/her duties, child rights are being compromised.
Success of the right Þ Duty bearer (how well they are able to implement)
'Right holders' and 'Duty bearer' was explained through role play by the participants.
Understanding Problems and Issues
This was explained through an exercise 'The Why Chain' . One question was asked to the first participant (sitting in circle) and he/she was asked 'Why'. His/Her answer to 'Why' becomes the question for the next participant and similarly it continued for all the participants.
It was concluded that if we ask 'Why' 25 times we will reach to the same problems and issues. Every problem is an outcome of some problem and leads to another problem.
Discussion on Rights based approach and understanding the difference between a problem and an issue continued post lunch. This difference was explained through an exercise.
Story: Ramabai, a vegetable vendor goes to Vashi market everyday for selling vegetable on a trolley. She starts her day from 7 am in the morning and continues till 11:00 am. From 11:00 am to 11:30 she takes lunch and then takes rest for 2 hrs. She walks 20-22 kms per day selling vegetables. For two hrs she parks her trolley near Vashi bus stand and gives Rs. 25/- per day (bribe) to traffic constable for parking.
Participants were asked to identify the Problem and the issue. Different responses came.
Problem: No parking facility
This exercise made clear the difference between the problem and the issue.
Understanding 'Power' as Key factor
'Power' as a concept was explained through an exercise- 'Resource Battle ' . It was concluded from the exercise that all the resources are concentrated with powerful people
and that is why they exploit the less powerful group. If the less powerful group moves with a definite strategy and involves different people with them they can easily take their resources back from the powerful group.
To understand the issue, the person affected and the stakeholders involved a stakeholder analysis is done. It has four major groups:
- Client group
- Target group
- Action group
- Change agent
All the four groups are placed in a grid and then analysis is done
Stakeholders analysis is explained through an exercise where participants are asked to identify the Client group, Target group, Action group and the Change agent on the issue of Child Labour.
Based on the exercise on the issue of Child labour:
- Client group was identified as Child,
- Target group were identified as employer, parents, police, labour commissioner,
- Action group were identified as representatives of Client group and sensitized target group and
- Change agent as NGOs and Media. (The role of the Change agent is to convert the Target group to Action group.)
Feedback from the participants:
- Strategy learned from here will be used to strengthen work
- The workshop should be for two days to learn more
- Title of the workshop was good
- Needs to get more information on Child Rights
- Liked stakeholdres analysis
- Very informative workshop
- Explained in simple language